From the Wall Street Journal:
Will agriculture prove the hot new sector of the 21st century?
With an estimated 9.2 billion mouths to feed by 2050, up from 6.8 billion now, and growing demand from wealthier emerging-market consumers for a high-protein diet, the challenge of feeding the world looks daunting. In theory, that should provide a huge secular boost to agribusiness stocks over the coming years. But it will still require investors to have an appetite for risk.His thinking is similar to that expressed in an FT piece of about the same vintage:
Growing demand for food isn't in doubt. In 2008, there were already 915 million undernourished people around the globe, according to the United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization. Prices for basic crops like maize, rice and wheat soared between 2006 and 2008, reaching their highest levels in 30 years and triggering riots in some countries. Prices have since fallen back as a result of the financial crisis, but the focus is firmly on food security.
Changes in diet in the developing world also will put pressure on agricultural production. If Chinese consumers were to match the diet of their Korean counterparts, global meat consumption would rise 9%, according to BlackRock, which is launching a new world agriculture fund.
The fund manager believes once such shifts in diet start, they prove irreversible, implying greater grain production to feed livestock, and greater use of technology to boost crop yields. At the same time, planned increases in biofuel production will reduce the amount of land available for food.
Output is set to rise in emerging-market countries most, but will require investment to increase crop yields. That should favor companies that supply agricultural equipment and inputs such as fertilizer as well as farming businesses themselves. True, some stocks already look expensive; fertilizer producer Potash Corp. of Saskatchewan, for instance, trades at 18.5 times estimated 2010 earnings, according to Factset. But the company's control of 20% of global potash capacity—a key source of potassium with no known substitutes—makes it vital to achieving the growth in grain production needed in the coming years....MORE
Bullish food forecasts whet investors’ appetite
Forecasts of higher prices for wheat, corn and soyabeans over the long term are encouraging more investment managers to roll out agricultural funds in the UK.
So far this year, in spite of volatile market conditions, two funds with a focus on agricultural companies have debuted on the London Stock Exchange: BlackRock World Agriculture and First State Agribusiness, which is an onshore version of an Irish fund of the same name.
Both of these funds – which buy into palm oil and soyabean plantations, fertiliser, tractor and pesticide makers – are based on a simple assumption: food prices will continue to rise, as the tastes of the world’s growing population evolve, and the supply of arable land falls.
A change in diet among the new Asian middle class, and a need to develop more biofuels, are expected to push up the prices of corn, soyabeans, sugar and oilseed.
As Desmond Cheung, co-manager of BlackRock World Agriculture, says: “Demand for agricultural commodities is strong and it’s going to get much stronger. It has been outstripping supply for the last decade or so.”
These trends suggest that direct exposure to indices of wheat, corn and other soft commodity prices is a sound long-term strategy for private investors. But some managers advise inexperienced traders not to buy into exchange-traded funds, which track forward commodity prices, or commodities futures themselves.
“The problem with investing in commodities prices is you have no bloody idea where they are going,” said Ben Yearsley, investment adviser with UK stockbrokers Hargreaves Lansdown. Even skilled traders have found it difficult to turn a profit in the past 18 months because soft commodity prices have moved “sideways”, according to Jonathan Blake, manager of Baring Asset Management’s Global Agriculture.
Instead, the active fund managers’ approach is to buy into a mix of companies poised to benefit indirectly from rising food demand, as well as a pick-up in investment in the sector.
“Companies operating in the agricultural space should benefit from the increased investment in the agricultural asset class and also see profits rise if commodities’ prices rise,” concludes Baring’s Blake.
BlackRock’s fund holds shares in Potash, the Canadian fertiliser company (currently trading on 18 times forward earnings), Wilmar, the Singaporean palm oil plantation (15.8), and Deere, the US tractor maker (14.7). CF Eclectica Agriculture, which has been running for three years, has some overlapping holdings, and its top picks are Yara, a Norwegian fertiliser maker (11.9), Kubota, Deere’s Japanese rival (16), and Monsanto, the world’s largest producer of genetically engineered seed (22.5).
Many of these agricultural equities are also set to benefit from positive news in coming months. Demand for fertilisers is expected to rebound through the year and into 2011 as farmers’ financial positions have recovered in line with the wider economy. This improvement in their fortunes is also expected to boost sales of farm machinery such as tractors.
Better weather is helping, as well. George Lee, manager of Eclectica's Agriculture fund, describes atmospheric conditions in the past two years as “near perfect” in most regions. Indeed, the improvement in the weather has allowed farmers to restock inventory following the global food shortage scare of 2007. But Lee says stocks of agricultural commodities are still 10 to 15 per cent lower than they should be. “Higher prices will incentivise supply, which is not as abundant as people thought it was,” he argues....MORE