Saturday, February 1, 2014

Oil: "Why the great Sunni-Shia conflict is getting ever closer to the surface"

Following up on "Oil: Will Iraq and Iran Flood the Market to Punish Saudi Arabia?".
From the Yemen Times:
Syria has fallen apart. Major cities in Iraq have fallen to Al-Qaeda. Egypt may have stabilized slightly after a counter-coup. But Lebanon is starting once again to fragment. Beneath all these facts— beneath all the explosions, exhortations and blood—certain themes are emerging.

Some years ago, before the Arab “Spring” ever sprung, I remember asking one top security official about the region. What, I wondered, was their single biggest fear? The answer was striking and precise: “That the region will clarify.” That is a fear which now appears to be coming true.

The Middle East is not simply falling apart. It is taking a different shape, along very clear lines—far older ones than those the Western powers rudely imposed on the region nearly a century ago. Across the whole continent those borders are in the process of cracking and breaking. But while that happens the region’s two most ambitious centers of power—the house of Saud and the Ayatollahs in Iran—find themselves fighting each other not just for influence but even, perhaps, for survival.

The way in which what is going on in the Middle East has become a religious war has long been obvious. Just take this radio exchange, caught at the ground level earlier this month, between two foreign fighters in Syria, the first from Al-Qaeda’s Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS), the second from the Free Syrian army (FSA). “You apostate infidels,” says the first. “We’ve declared you to be ‘apostates,’ you heretics. You don’t know Allah or his prophet, you creature. What kind of Islam do you follow?” To which the FSA fighter responds, “Why did you come here? Go fight Israel, brother.” Only to be told, “Fighting apostates like you people takes precedence over fighting the Jews and the Christians. All imams concur on that.”

The religious propulsion of many of the fighters who have flooded into Syria in the three years of its civil war—400 or more from Britain alone—is beyond doubt. From the outset this has been a confrontation inflamed by religious sectarianism. In the first stages of the Syrian conflict the Shia militia of Hezbollah were sent by their masters in Iran to fight on the side of Iran’s ally Bashar Al-Assad. But those of a different political and religious orientation made their own moves against this. Across Britain and Europe, not to mention the wider Middle East, many thousands of young men listened to the call of religious leaders like the Grand Mufti of Saudi Arabia, Abdul Aziz Al-Asheik and Sheikh Yusuf Al-Qaradawi, who last year declared that Hezbollah is in fact not the “army of God,” as its name almost suggests, but rather the “army of Satan.” Sheikh Qaradawi declared that “every Muslim trained to fight and capable of doing that [must] make himself available” for jihad in Syria....MORE